<br/> <br/><br/>•.LITERATURE<br/>•.ESSAYS<br/>SEARCH <br/>1.Essays<br/>0 <br/>Efemerides Filipinas<br/>(Philippine Almanac) / Published 1911-12 / Editors: Jaime de Veyra, and Mariano Ponce / Serialized in El Ideal, 16 March 1911–15 March 1912 / Reprinted, with a prologue by Epifanio de los Santos, Manila: Imprenta y Libreria de I. R. Morales, 1914 / These articles were translated into Filipino by Edgardo M. Tiamson, Teresita A. Alcantara, and Edwin L. Bautista, annotated by Ma. Luisa T. Camagay, and published by the University of the Philippines Diliman’s Office of Research Coordination in 1998 using the original title.<br/>Efemerides Filipinas is a series of articles on historical events with social or patriotic interest. A brainchild of Jaime de Veyra, the articles were published daily in the newspaper El Ideal. De Veyra had toyed with the idea of a society and its monthly magazine that would promote folklore. When this failed, he decided to undertake this monumental project.<br/>For the project, de Veyra sought the help of many scholars, writers, and educators. However, except for Mariano Ponce who had written on Bulacan folklore, they did not share de Veyra’s enthusiasm. Nevertheless, Rafael Palma, Arsenio Luz, Rafael Corpus, and Epifanio de los Santos did contribute one article each; Leoncio Gonzalez Liquete, three. Writing alternately, de Veyra and Ponce provided the daily articles. De Veyra’s style was literary, whereas Ponce wrote in the clipped journalistic style of the press.<br/>The first article, appearing on 16 March 1911, focused on the discovery of the Philippines by Fernando Magallanes in 1521. The last article, dated 15 March 1912, was a summons to folklorism. Generally, the topics revolved around history, folklore, customs and traditions, literature, and achievements of Filipinos, the goal of which was to counteract Americanization. Births and deaths of prominent Filipinos were recorded, as were the publication of new books, art-related affairs, commemorative and historical celebrations, official and social gatherings, and even volcanic eruptions.<br/>Although El Ideal had no issues on Sundays or on holidays, the articles corresponding to those days were dutifully prepared in anticipation of its publication in book form. In 1914, the first of what was intended to be a four-volume series came off the press. It carried the episodes for January, February, and March. Unfortunately, <a href="">daily asia news wrote</a> was also the last.<br/>The product of painstaking research greatly enriched by personal recollections and evaluations, the book helped to develop a Filipino consciousness by promoting interest in Philippine history.<br/>Written by Edgardo Tiamson<br/>Source <br/>Kalaw, Teodoro M. 1965. Aide-de-Camp to Freedom. Manila: Teodoro M. Kalaw Society.<br/>

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